The Sri Lankan Junglefowl is a member of the Galliformes bird order which is endemic to Sri Lanka, where it is the national bird. The Sri Lankan Junglefowl is common in every part of Sri Lanka, wherever jungle or dense scrub of any extent is to be found, but it is mostly spotted at sites such as Kitulgala, Yala and Sinharaja.
As with other junglefowl, the Sri Lankan junglefowl is strongly sexually dimorphic. The male is much larger than the female, with more vivid plumage and a highly exaggerated wattle and comb. It has orange-red body plumage, and dark purple to black wings and tail. The feathers of the mane descending from head to base of spine are golden, and the face has bare red skin and wattles. The comb is red with a yellow centre. The female is much smaller, with dull brown plumage with white patterning on the lower belly and breast.
It lays 2-4 eggs in a nest either on the forest floor in steep hill country or in the abandoned nests of other birds and squirrels. Male Sri Lankan Junglefowl play an active role in nest protection and chick rearing.
It feeds on grain, weed-seeds, berries, various succulent leaves and a large proportion of small animals, such as crickets, centipedes and termites.